As the trail crests the hill it turns the bend, passing the turtle pond on the left. The turtle pond is the home of our turtles including the recent addition (March 2012) of two two female Red-Eared Slider turtles (below right). Several trees and plants that John Bartram had discovered and catalogued have been planted in this area.

An azalea blooms in the spring on the berm of the turtle pond, pictured left.

everal specimens which American naturalist John Bartram discovered and catalogued are featured in this section of the Bartram Trail. They are American Yellowwood, Eastern Red Cedar, Sweetshrub and Bigleaf Magnolia. The map to the right shows their approximate locations.

Just as you round the bend, on your left, is planted our first American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea); the second yellowwood is at the head of the north entrance of the Bartram Trail. The bark, pictured far right, has a beautiful molted gray smooth texture. A close up of the leaves are pictured below right. It's named because when cut, the wood is a yellow hue.



American Yellowwood
(Cladrastis kentukea)
American Yellowwood bark
(Cladrastis kentukea)

As you pass the granite bench donated by Summit Hills Retirement Community founder of our "Fit in the Garden" exercise program, you will see to your left is another Bartram discovery, the Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana), pictured right, which grows on the berm that surrounds the turtle pond. There are three of these cedars, though they are really a junipers. But unlike the juniper whose berries are edible, this member of the cypress family's berries are poisonous to humans.




Eastern Red Cedar
(Juniperus virginiana)
Eastern Red Cedar closeup
(Juniperus virginiana)

On the left of the path, also on the berm on the turtle pond is Sweetshrub (Calycanthus floridas), pictured right. Sweetshrub blossoms are fragrant in the spring. Although it is also called Carolina Allspice, its berries are poisonous to humans.










Sweetshrub bloom
(Calycanthus floridas)
Sweetshrub
Calycanthus floridas)

To the right of the path, you will see the Bigleaf Magnolia (Magnolia macrophylla), pictured right, also discovered and catalogued by John Bartram. It's leaves, which can surpass a length of two feet are deciduous, (they fall of in the winter unlike other magnolias). This particular specimen was planted 16 years ago and finally bloomed in May of 2016.






Bigleaf Magnolia
(Magnolia macrophylla)
Bigleaf Magnolia closeup
(Magnolia macrophylla)
Bigleaf Magnolia flower bud
(Magnolia macrophylla)
Bigleaf Magnolia flower
(Magnolia macrophylla)


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